EARLY FRED SANDERS
|Fred Sanders with
great grandson Anthony
(photo by Chris Judge)
Sanders was Vice-Chief of the Catawba Nation
for nearly twenty years and a very large part
of the struggle to regain federal recognition.
Sanders is a consummate politician and an advocate
of Native American rights.
The Early Fred Sanders Collection
contains a variety of materials – legal,
federal, state and tribal documents, photographs,
slides, audio tapes, extensive clipping files
and various ephemera—collected by Sanders
over a forty year period. This is South
Carolina’s largest grouping of archival
materials created by a Native American.
||Archive, The Native American Studies
Center, The University of South Carolina Lancaster
||18.75 Linear Feet
|| Brent Burgin, Archivist (2012-2013),
Jamie Williams, Intern (2011)
The E. Fred Sanders Collection
was transferred to the Native American Studies
Archive in 2007-2008
E. Fred Sanders Collection, Native
American Studies Archive, The
University of South Carolina Lancaster
||Information concerning copyright must be secured in writing from the archivist.
Fred Sanders (1926 - 2013)
Vice Chief Catawba Indian Nation (1974-1993)
Sanders' autobiography was first published in
a Catawba Tribal Newsletter, 7th Generation Catawba
News, April, 1999.
This Collection consists of 18.75 linear feet of materials
documenting Fred Sander’s tenure as Vice-Chief
of the Catawba Nation. It is divided into four major
series: E. Fred Sanders Correspondence, Catawba Indian
Nation Legal and Administrative, Native American Materials,
and Media and Ephemera.
Series I, E. Fred Sanders Correspondence, 1970-2006
Correspondences in this series are prolific and wide-ranging.
Sanders’ correspondents include Native American
Organizations, Federal and State Government officials,
Tribal leaders and other Native Americans throughout
the United States. Correspondence have been divided
into two major subsets, EFS Correspondence, 1981-2007
and Dr. Thomas J Blumer Correspondence, 1986-2001.
Fred Sanders maintained a long and comprehensive correspondence
with Dr. Blumer and their letters provide insight to
ongoing Catawba lawsuits, tribal politics and historical
Fred Sanders with grandchildren Calvin George and Shana George and great-grandchild Eddie George.
(Photo by Gene Crediford)
Series II, Catawba Indian Nation Administrative and
Legal Materials, 1677-2006
This series is divided into two major components,
Catawba Indian Nation Administrative and Catawba Indian
Legal. Lawsuits, treaties, tribal correspondence, legislative
bills, and extensive copies from the National Archives
and other depositories (notably the Interior Department
and the Bureau of Indian Affairs). Correspondence from
government agencies, the Native American Rights Fund
(NARF) and extensive clippings files are also included.
Administrative Materials refer to various documents
dealing with the governance of the Catawba Indian Nation
such as tribal constitutions, correspondence, real
estate transactions, census information, and Bureau
of Indian Affairs Correspondence. Materials are grouped
by the following headings: Catawba Indian Nation, State
of South Carolina, and United States.
Legal materials document the exhaustive legal battles
waged by the Catawbas against the State of South Carolina
and the United States Government (1887-2006). Court
cases, legal correspondence, hearings and resolutions,
reports, statutes and treaties are included. Materials
are grouped by the following headings: Catawba Indian
Nation, State of South Carolina, and United States.
Series III, Native American Materials – Topical
series contains a variety of Native American Materials. Much of Sanders' work
involved planning for a new system of tribal government. Various materials
were acquired from Federally Recognized tribes nationwide
and in many cases used as templates for the Catawba
Nation. Sanders was also a strong proponent of Native
American Rights and travelled to conferences in many
different locations. This series contains topical materials
such as biographical information, conference proceedings,
DNA/Genetics testing, correspondence from tribal associations
and museums along with lists of tribal leaders.
Arranged alphabetically by topic.
Series IV, Media and Ephemera
Photographs, slides, audiotapes and various ephemeral
objects comprise this series. Historic Catawba photographs
taken by the University of Pennsylvania in 1941 are
included along with photographs taken by legendary
North Carolina archaeologist Joffre L Coe. Fred’s
family movies from the 1950s are also included. All
VHS tapes and 16 millimeter tapes have been remastered
to a DVD format. Recorded proceedings of several
Catawba planning conferences are also included.
- I - EFS Correspondence, 1970-2006 (1.75
- II – Catawba Indian Nation Administrative
and Legal Materials, 1677-2006 (14.5 linear feet)
- III – Native
American Materials, Topical (1.25 linear feet)
- IV – Media and Ephemera (1.25 linear feet)